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STDS

STDs are infections that spread from person to person, most commonly through bodily fluids during sexual contact. It’s also possible to spread STDs through hypodermic needles and objects like damp towels or wet clothing. More than 30 different bacteria, viruses, and parasites are known to be transmitted sexually. The most common of these include syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis – which are all curable – as well as hepatitis B, herpes simplex virus, HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV) – which are not currently curable.

STD Symptoms

Many STD symptoms can easily be confused with other issues, including yeast infections and urinary tract infections. Specific symptoms can vary depending on the type of STD, but keep a close eye out for these signs and symptoms:

  • Painful urination
  • Lower abdomen pain
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Burning, itchiness, or irritation around the genitals
  • Rash, bumps, blisters, or sores around the genitals

STD Symptoms for Men vs. Women

When it comes to STDs, there are some signs and symptoms that men and women should look for specifically.

Women should also look for:

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Menstrual bleeding or spotting between periods

Men should look for:

  • Painful, swollen testicles
  • Discharge from the penis

How Long Does It Take to Show STD Symptoms?

It can take less than two days or up to a month after exposure to the infection to show symptoms. Many STDs may be asymptomatic or don’t show obvious signs, making it difficult to know whether or not you should get tested. Whether you suspect you have an STD or not, it’s essential to get tested regularly – at least once a year, or more depending on your level of sexual activity.

STD Testing, Treatment and Prevention

There are a variety of STD tests, and a Doral Health & Wellness Urgent Care professional can help evaluate your signs and symptoms and decide which one is right for you. Testing can include a physical examination, urine test, or blood test. A sample of cells or discharge from the affected area may also be collected depending on the test type.

While many STDs are treatable with medications, most viral STDs, like herpes and HIV, can only be managed, not completely cured. Treatment of an STD will depend on the specific diagnosis. Most of the time, you’ll be prescribed an antibiotic (for bacterial infections) or an antiviral (for viral infections). It’s essential to take these medications exactly as prescribed by your health care professional and ask how long after treatment you should get retested. 

Abstinence is the best way to prevent the spread of STDs, but there are other steps you can take to stay safe. If you’re sexually active, always use latex condoms. While not completely effective in preventing pregnancy or the spread of STDs, condoms are very useful if used correctly. Hormonal birth control methods – like the pill, shot, patch, or ring – are not effective in preventing STDs. Finally, get tested regularly – at least once a year or more, depending on your level of sexual activity. 

At Doral Health & Wellness Urgent Care, you can trust us with your STD testing and treatment needs. Just walk in at a time that’s right for you, and you can expect to receive fast, compassionate care from our friendly medical team.

STDs

STDs are very common. In addition to HIV, there are dozens of other types of sexually transmitted diseases. Often there are no symptoms, at least not at first. Left untreated, STDs can cause serious health issues.

The good news is all STDs, including HIV, are treatable, and many are curable.

While routine testing for many STDs is recommended, that does not mean it always happens as part of a regular checkup or gynecologist exam. To know for sure, ask to be tested.

Scroll on for more about specific STDs, including symptoms, testing and treatment.

A healthcare provider can advise on which STDs you should be tested for and how often. If you don’t have a regular provider, free or low cost STD testing is available in most areas.

Chlamydia

• A bacterial infection
• Often doesn’t have symptoms
• Cured with antibiotics
• Estimated 1.7 million new cases in the U.S. each year

Gonorrhea

• A bacterial infection
• Often doesn’t have symptoms
• Cured with antibiotics
• Estimated 550,000 new cases in the U.S. each year

Hepatitis B

• A viral infection affecting the liver
• Often doesn’t have symptoms
• No cure, but treatable with prescription medication. Vaccine available
• Estimated 20,000 new cases in the U.S. each year

Hepatitis C

• A viral infection affecting the liver
• Often doesn’t have symptoms
• Cured with prescription medication. Left untreated can cause liver disease and death
• Estimated 2.4 million people living with hepatitis C in the U.S. 

Herpes

• A virus affecting the mouth and/or genitals
• Can cause blistery sores
• No cure, but outbreaks can be managed with prescription medication
• Estimated 1 in 6 people has genital herpes in the U.S. 

HIV/AIDS

• A virus that attacks the immune system
• May not show symptoms initially
• No cure, but treatable with antiretroviral prescription medications that also prevent transmission
• Estimated 1.2 million people living with HIV in the U.S. 

HPV

• A virus with 150 different types
• Some types cause genital warts; others, including those associated with cervical cancer, often do not have symptoms
• Vaccine protects against some types that cause genital warts and cancer
• Estimated 14 million new cases in the U.S. each year

Syphilis

• A bacterial infection
• Symptoms can come and go, and may include sores
• Cured with antibiotics
• Left untreated can cause permanent damage
• Estimated 30,000 new cases in the U.S. each year 

Trichomoniasis

• A parasitic infection
• Usually no symptoms, but can cause vaginitis that may result in discharge and irritation
• Cured with antibiotics
• Estimated 3.7 million people living with trich in U.S.